Table of Contents Show
  1. Data availability
  2. Abstract
  3. Open Data

Spectroscopy of geoneutrinos from 2056 days of Borexino data
Phys. Rev. D 92, 031101(R) – Published 7 August 2015
[doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.031101] (preprint on arXiv)

Physics logo This paper have been been highlighted with a Focus story:
Neutrinos Detected from the Earth’s Mantle”.

Data availability

The datasets generated during the current study are freely available (see below). Additional information is available from the Borexino Collaboration spokesperson ( upon reasonable request.


We report an improved geoneutrino measurement with Borexino from 2056 days of data taking. The present exposure is (5.5±0.3)×1031  proton×yr. Assuming a chondritic Th/U mass ratio of 3.9, we obtain 23.7+6.5−5.7(stat)+0.9−0.6(sys) geoneutrino events. The null observation of geoneutrinos with Borexino alone has a probability of 3.6×10−9 (5.9σ). A geoneutrino signal from the mantle is obtained at 98% C.L. The radiogenic heat production for U and Th from the present best-fit result is restricted to the range 23–36 TW, taking into account the uncertainty on the distribution of heat producing elements inside the Earth.

Open Data

In 2015, the Borexino collaboration reported (Physical Review D 92, 031101, 2015) an improved geoneutrino measurement from 2056 days of data taking, with an actual exposure of (5.5 ± 0.3) × 1031 proton-per-year. The null observation of geoneutrinos with Borexino alone was excluded at 5.9\sigma.

Spectroscopy of geoneutrinos (Fig1_Geonu2015)

Here you can find the properties of the 15 data bins as shown in Fig. 1 of our  2015 geoneutrinos paper.  The following informations are given:

  • bin number (from 0 to 14);
  • point central position on the x axis;
  • point central position on the y axis;
  • error size on the x axis (left and right same values);
  • error size on the y axis (bottom and top different values since we used Poisson).

If instead you are looking for the properties of the points used to plot all the curves in the same figure, here you find:

  • bin number (from 0 to 356),
  • position on the x axis;
  • tot = black line, sum of all the components;
  • geo = blue dashed line;
  • U = blue;
  • Th = cyan;
  • react = red dashed line;
  • LiHe;
  • acc;
  • alpha;

The data related to all but the geoneutrino curves describe the result of the fit with U and Th kept as free fit parameters.  The geoneutrino component instead is the result of a fit in which U and Th were fixed to the chondritic mass ratio.

All fit were performed with an unbinned maximal likelihood.

The energy, expressed in units of photo-electrons p.e. (about 500 p.e./MeV), of all the 77 candidates used in the analysis is instead available here.

Spectroscopy of geoneutrinos from 2056 days of Borexino data
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